Exercising regularly is an important way to stay healthy and age well. Some types of exercise may also help reduce the effects of skin aging.
A 2015 study found that endurance exercise might lessen the effect of age-related skin changes in mice and humans. The authors noted that endurance exercise reduced skin changes by improving tissue metabolism, primarily by stimulating the release of a hormone called interleukin-15 from skeletal muscle.
2. Firming products
People who wish to purchase a firming product should look for products containing retinoid compounds. Retinoids are potent antioxidants that may boost collagen production.
People who do observe results with these products may need to keep using them to continue seeing results.
Collagen peptides in the form of an oral supplement may improve:
• the skin’s moisture barrier by increasing hyaluronic acid levels
• collagen production, leading to stronger collagen networks
• the growth of skin fibroblasts — cells that help make connective compounds
• wound healing
Examples of the antioxidants present in some foods, drinks, and nutritional supplements include:
• vitamins A, C, D, and E
• coenzyme Q10
• epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG)
Taking too much of certain vitamins for too long, particularly vitamins A and E, may cause side effects, including nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. In some cases, it can lead to more severe side effects.
Massage may improve blood flow and stimulate fibroblasts. Fibroblasts are cells that help produce connective tissues, such as collagen and elastin, that keep skin firm.
Some studies suggest that massage may increase mitochondrial production. Mitochondria play a crucial role in tissue and cellular metabolism, and there is a link between mitochondrial dysfunction and skin aging.